With the arrival of the autumn, the affairs in the suburban area are not decreasing, but are increasing. This is especially true if the farm has a greenhouse. To protect the future harvest, it is necessary to perform preparatory work. It must be done according to all the rules, according to which the structure will be preserved in a general condition, and the soil will be saturated with moisture. Efforts will be justified when the first shoots start growing in the spring.
Treatment of the greenhouse for the winter after tomatoes
They start work in October. It is for this period that the most time-consuming part of the preparation falls out. For careful processing of the soil, special tools and equipment are harvested. The first thing to do is to remove all plant residues. The greenhouse should be completely cleared of stems and leaves. It would be better if they were burned. Being infected with phytophthora, they will cause considerable harm. From the soil, roots and seeds that accidentally fall into it are extracted.
Then they start digging the soil under the shovel. If the area of the greenhouse is too extensive, then use motor cultivators. Treatment of the greenhouse for the winter after tomatoes includes several main stages:
- the first stage is the direct removal of the remaining vegetation;
- the second is to remove the seven centimeter layer of soil. This must be done because it contains pathogenic fungi and microorganisms that can kill plants;
- The third step is the digging of the soil and removal of pest larvae;
- the penultimate stage is the disinfection of the soil;
- the last type of work - sanitary treatment of walls and the whole structure.
How to prepare the soil in the greenhouse for the winter?
Asking how to prepare the soil in the greenhouse for the winter, first and foremost, the larvae of the pests are removed in the most careful way. This applies to the larvae of the bear, the May beetle and the wireworm.
Avoid the depletion of fertile soil can be, if you shoot it for the winter. In some types of greenhouses this is possible. To disinfect the hotbed it is not enough to use one tool. Most often, two effective methods are combined:
- fumigation of the interior with sulfur;
- treatment of carcass with bleach.
This is done in order to protect vegetable crops from pests and diseases. When disinfection with sulfur is important to comply with safety regulations. The first of them says to wear a gas mask. Next, you will need sulfur balls and metal sheets. The number of checkers is calculated based on 60 grams per 1sup3. As soon as the checkers are laid out on metal sheets around the perimeter of the greenhouse, they are set on fire as soon as the gas mask is put on.
Strengthen the disinfection will help the water, which doused the frame and the rest of the structure. At the end of fumigation, the greenhouse is closed for a week. After processing the gray building is ventilated, and the frame is washed with a solution of "Pemolux".
The soil is treated with a solution of iron sulfate. It is dissolved in 10 liters of water. Then spray the soil. To fully use useful substances, plants in the greenhouse are planted, alternating them.
What to plant in a greenhouse in the autumn after a tomato?
In categorical form it is forbidden to plant after the tomatoes those vegetable crops that belong to the Solanaceae family, like themselves. These include pepper, potatoes, strawberries. So that the soil is not empty, after tomatoes in the greenhouse cultivated siderates. They are put in the beginning of September. Of all green fertilizers, mustard is most welcome. It will help to protect and improve the soil. She stays in the greenhouse for the winter. And in the spring it is replaced by tomatoes.
Take the place of tomatoes can and legumes, which is an unpretentious vegetable culture. It looks good spicy-aromatic herbs like parsley, dill.
By following certain rules, you can best prepare a greenhouse for the winter after a tomato.