Any violations that occur in the menstrual cycle of a woman must necessarily be investigated for the presence of pathological processes. In time, the unrecognized and unresolved cause of such events can lead to serious consequences, one of which is infertility.
Oligomenorrhea - what is it?
This is one of the most common types of violation of the cycle of menstrual bleeding, which has a very short period of blood separation lasting for a couple of hours, and a maximum of two days. Often, oligomenorrhea is a companion of a very rare and meager period, a combination with which complicates the diagnosis to the stage of hypomenstrual syndrome.
Causes of Oligomenorrhoea
Factors that may in one way or another affect the malfunction in the cycle of menstruation:
- slowing the activity of the pituitary gland, the most important endocrine gland;
- disturbance in the work of the ovaries;
- failures in the activity of the hypothalamus;
- endometritis or inflammation of the uterine mucosa;
- underdevelopment of ovaries and genital organ;
- severe labor requiring surgical intervention.
Primary oligomenorrhea begins its development with the advent of the first menstruation, and its appearance depends either on the non-natural structure of the genital organs or on the congenital disorders in the regulation of the functions of all organs by the nervous system.
Secondary oligomenorrhea develops on the basis of already existing disease "in a female way", which, as a rule, is inflammatory. In this case, the cycle of menstruation in the patient is absolutely normal and clear.
Symptoms of Oligomenorrhoea
In view of the fact that this disease affects most of all the state of the endocrine system, frequent signs of its presence are:
- excess weight;
- a decrease in the protective functions of immunity;
- long-lasting and pronounced acne;
- increased hair growth in the "male" areas of the body;
- decreased sexual desire;
- the appearance of developed musculature in uncharacteristic places for women;
- scanty monthly, which occur with an interval of 30-35 days and last no more than a couple of days.
Diagnosis of the NMC by the type of oligomenorrhoea
A correct diagnosis requires a scrupulous study of a woman, aimed at identifying the causes of the onset of the disease. The complex of studies includes a blood test for hormones, the establishment of the presence of infections in the body or the non-natural structure of the genital organs. Then you need to undergo an X-ray, ultrasound and endoscopy.
Treatment of oligomenorrhoea
All measures aimed at eliminating this disease must take into account the factor that influenced its appearance. So, for example, if amenorrhea is the result of malfunctions in the hormonal background of a woman, then it becomes necessary to take drugs with artificial hormones. Treatment of secondary oligomenorrhea, which developed against a background of a viral, inflammatory or infectious disease, needs to be used antibiotics and antibacterial drugs. In any case, a woman is recommended to perform constant physical exercises that help improve the blood supply to organs in the small pelvis. Sometimes it is necessary to use operational measures aimed at making adjustments to the unnatural structure of the female genital organs.
Oligomenorrhoea and pregnancy
In time not established, this disease may well lead to infertility. A woman's sexual desire is reduced, and natural ovulation and fertilization occur only in 20% of all cases of amenorrhoea.